Spirit of the Sky Kneesock
Spirit of the Sky Kneesock
Spirit of the Sky Kneesock

Spirit of the Sky Kneesock

  • Design by artist Leila Stogan
  • Indigenous artist Leila Stogan’s design work is inspired by the power and strength of the legendary thunderbird. Using textiles to tell stories, reflect on ancestral traditions and to illustrate a connection to nature, these ladies kneesocks make the perfect canvas for displaying her stunning and colorful woven design.

  • From 1774 until about 1832, treaties between individual sovereign American Indian nations and the United States were negotiated to establish borders and prescribe conditions of behavior between the parties.

    The form of these agreements was nearly identical to the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War between the U.S. and Great Britain. The negotiations resulted in a mutually signed pact that had to be approved by the U.S. Congress. Nontribal citizens were required to have a passport to cross sovereign Indian lands.

    From 1832 until 1871, American Indian nations were considered domestic, dependent tribes. In 1871, the House of Representatives ceased to recognize individual tribes within the U.S. as independent nations with which the U.S. could contract by treaty. This ended the nearly 100-year-old practice of treaty-making between the U.S. and American Indian tribes.

    The online exhibit "Rights of Native Americans" includes a visual timeline of the history of American Indian treaties and Native American activism to defend tribal sovereignty.